Why Did the Dow Really Dump Three Stocks?

Today, the Dow Jones Industrial Average changed out three of its 30 components — dropping Aloca, Bank of America and HP in exchange for Nike, Goldman Sachs and Visa.

There’s a lot of questions about this move — why did they really trade out one set of companies for the other? We created a mock portfolio with mostly cash, but allocated 15% to each of these stocks to find out.

With the original three stocks, the Risk Number was 85, and the portfolio had downside risk of –20% over the next six months.

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The new three stocks bring a lot less risk to the Dow index. The Risk Number drops to 57, and there’s only –12% downside risk over the next six months.

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So why did Dow Jones make these component changes?

Well, if the theory holds that they want the index to keep going up — they just reduced their risk of it dropping by quite a bit.